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舌尖上的缅甸掸邦

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发表于 2016-10-8 18:09:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 sxa 于 2016-10-8 18:22 编辑

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推荐主食篇
掸式米饭.png
     掸式米饭(Nga Htamin)
      掸式米饭在缅甸语中叫做nga htamin(鱼饭),掸式米饭的这个“掸”是指缅甸信奉佛教的一种民族。掸式小吃结合了与姜黄根一起烹制出来挤在盘子上的米饭和一片片淡水鱼,以及蒜油。油汪汪的鱼饭通常与韭菜根、生蒜瓣、炸猪皮搭配在一起,成为一道辛辣可口、香喷喷的美食。
咖喱饭.png
      缅式咖喱饭(Burmese Curry)
       如菜名所示,咖喱是最主要的元素。但是在你点了单之后——通常是一盘多肉多油的咖喱饭,周围有猪肉、鱼肉、虾、牛肉或者羊肉——一系列似乎无穷无尽的小菜就会随之上桌。这些包括米饭、馅饼沙拉、一小碟油炸蔬菜、一小碗汤,和一大盘新鲜的半熟蔬菜以及香草,吃的时候配着蘸酱。蘸酱有ngapi ye(一种缅甸当地的蘸酱),一种水分多的鱼味酱,还有balachaung,一种辣椒、大蒜和油炸干虾仁的混合物。
咖喱鸡肉.png
      咖喱鸡肉(Chet Glay Hin)
       这是一道非常家常的缅甸菜,将鸡肉用姜、辣椒、桂皮、黑胡椒和盐腌制后入油锅炸至鸡皮酥脆后放入葱姜蒜以及辣椒、咖喱熬制的汤汁一同炖制而成。
茶叶沙拉.png
      茶叶沙拉(Latphet)
       也许缅甸最出名的食物就属茶叶沙拉了。缅甸人常把茶叶当做甜点吃,但有时候茶叶也会作为茶叶沙拉的原料出现。做这道菜,需要把酸且微苦的茶叶和撕成片的卷心菜、切片的番茄、炸得香脆的豆角、坚果和豌豆手工混合在一起,再泼上蒜油、切好的辣椒和大蒜。这道菜非常百搭。它既可以是一道小吃,一碟开胃菜,也可以和一盘米饭搭配在一起成为一顿饭。
掸族汤粉.png
      掸族汤粉(Shan khaoswe)
       与掸族关联最大的就是这道结合了胡椒味清汤薄米粉与腌制的鸡肉和猪肉的小吃。它通常都会再加上一点烤芝麻,淋一点蒜油,加一点配菜。与缅甸大部分面食小吃相比,掸族汤面要简单得多,味道也更温和,但是绝对舒服美味。与汤面相对应、配有肉汤的干面版本,也非常普遍。
鱼汤粉.png
      鱼汤粉(Mohingar)
      鱼粉汤是采用鱼肉的原材料,加上香茅还有生姜去腥的石材把腥味去掉,再用已经炒好的马豆熬汤之后制作而成的,熬出来的汤不仅鲜而且很浓,之后再蘸上自己家酿的调料,吃起来真的是一种享受。

Two-面食篇
缅式干拌面.jpg
      缅式干拌面(NangyiThoke)
      缅甸人喜欢“干”面小吃——从本质上来说其实是用面做的沙拉,配上肉汤——而其中最美味最普遍的一种就是nangyi thoke。这种小吃用鸡肉、切成片的鱼饼、豆芽和卤鸡蛋配上米线,非常好吃。原料中加上烘焙的鹰嘴豆粉、姜黄粉和辣椒油,将这些配料摇匀,再加上腌菜和一碗肉汤,就大功告成了。
掸族豆腐面.png
      掸族豆腐面(Tofu Nwe)
      缅甸最不寻常的菜肴之一就是to-fu nwe,意为“温豆腐”。与缅甸北部的掸族有关的这道小吃,却并不是真的用豆腐做的,而是用鹰嘴豆粉做成的浓稠的粥。这种黏黏的黄色的粥通常伴米粉和腌制的鸡肉或猪肉。粥上会淋一点辣椒油,配有腌菜和肉汤。这是一种虽然奇怪但是非常吸引眼球的组合,但是,如果你是一个热爱香喷喷的味道的吃货,你一定会越来越喜欢它。

Three-小吃篇
麻辣鲜.png
      麻辣鲜(Mala Hin)
      麻辣鲜是类似国内麻辣烫的一道素食菜,在大多数掸族餐馆都可以看见这道菜。将豆腐、豆类、米线、胡萝卜和其他应季蔬菜煮熟或者炒熟后淋上香辣豆瓣酱和一些花生,味道很清爽。
咖喱角.png
      咖喱角(Samosa)
       咖喱角原本是马来族的传统小吃,改良自欧洲南部以及地中海地区所流行的Empanada馅饼。近年来广受其他东南亚国家的喜爱,缅甸也不例外,并成了缅甸一种必不可少的街头小吃。以薄面皮卷上馅料成三角形状,再经油炸后食用。馅料通常包括马铃薯泥、洋葱、肉末(牛肉、鸡肉、羊肉等)及香料(例如咖喱粉)等,可供选择的口味很多。
缅甸油条.png
     缅甸油条
     国内的早餐,很多地方都有吃豆浆油条的习惯,但是很多人不知道,其实缅甸也有油条。缅甸的这种油条跟中国的很像,只是个头略小。当地人说这种小吃是从中国传过去的,但是吃法不同,缅甸的油条不是配豆浆吃,而是配上一杯缅式奶茶,用油条蘸着奶茶吃,很有当地特色。
缅式奶茶.png
     缅式奶茶
     缅式奶茶与其他奶茶最大的不同是纯手工酿制,而且茶的香味与奶味搭配得很好,不会因奶味太重而没有茶味,上好的茶叶配上缅式奶精,味道醇香。浓浓的茶香,微微的甜味,滑滑的奶味,味道更胜于咖啡。之所以把奶茶放在小吃一类,是因为缅式奶茶是很多街头小吃的绝配CP:油条+奶茶,甩手粑粑+奶茶……这种搭配在缅甸随处可见。

      缅甸美食像一个大熔炉,融合了各种风味和调料,大胆混搭了酸甜苦辣的滋味,夹杂着印度香料、辣椒粉、葱、食用茶叶、炸香蒜、炒花生和清爽酸橙等食材,总能给你带来刺激的惊喜,并让你体会到独特的风味和口感的平衡,还等什么呢?赶紧去缅甸来一场美食大搜罗,把它们尝个遍吧!

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